ProPublica, Breaking the Black Box and Machine Bias series

Julia Angwin, Terry Paris Jr., and Surya Mattu. What Facebook Knows About You. Pro Publica, September 28, 2016.

Julia Angwin, Jeff Larson, Surya Mattu and Lauren Kirchner. Machine Bias: There’s software used across the country to predict future criminals. And it’s biased against blacks. Pro Publica, May 23, 2016.

Julia Angwin and Surya Mattu. Amazon Says It Puts Customers First. But Its Pricing Algorithm Doesn’t. ProPublica, Sep. 20, 2016.

Julia Angwin. Making Algorithms Accountable. ProPublica, Aug. 1, 2016.

News articles
In general – inc. ethics and those that are looking at it…

Claire Cain Miller. When Algorithms Discriminate. New York Times, July 9, 2015.

Julia Angwin. Make Algorithms Accountable, New York Times, August 1, 2016.

Claire Cain Miller. Algorithms and Bias: Q. and A. With Cynthia Dwork. New York Times, Aug 10, 2015.

Interview with Cathy O’Neill: Algorithms are simplifying humanity: We are entrusting key decisions to flawed and biased formulas John Light, Salon. Oct 24, 2016.

Algorithmic Fairness: On algorithmic fairness, discrimination, and disparate impact.

Could your data discriminate?, October 26, 2015

Lauren J. Young. Computer Scientists Find Bias in Algorithms. IEEE Spectrum, Aug 21, 2015.

Predictive Policing

Jeremy Gorner. Chicago police use ‘heat list’ as strategy to prevent violence, August 21, 2013.

Alan Zarembo, New tool can identify soldiers most likely to commit violent crimes, study shows, Los Angeles Times, October 6, 2015.

Wendy Lee. How tech’s lack of diversity leads to racist software. San Francisco Chronicle, July 22, 2015.

Racism is Poisoning Online Ad Delivery, Says Harvard Professor, Technology Review, February 4, 2013.

Julia Angwin and Terry Parris Jr. for ProPublica. Facebook lets advertisers exclude users by race. ArsTechnica, – 10/28/2016,

Elizabeth Weise , USATODAY 2:03 p.m. EDT October 31, 2016. Blacks face discrimination in ride-hailing.

Discrimination in General – Personality – other attributes of physicality – mental health
Quentin Hardy. Using Algorithms to Determine Character. New York Times, July 26, 2015.

ANNE EISENBERG. When Algorithms Grow Accustomed to Your Face. New York Times, NOV. 30, 2013.

What could Facebook target next? Our mental health data Emily Reynolds. The Guardian. Nov 1, 2016.

Job Discrimination
Mysterious algorithms, black-box AI recruiters are binning our résumés: The software separating jobseekers and jobs remains a secret. The Register, Oct. 17, 2016.

Roy Maurer. EEOC’s New Plan Targets Gig Work, Talent Analytics. October 21, 2016.

Love and Romance
Jenna Wortham. Taking a Chance on Love, and Algorithms. New York Times, APRIL 7, 2012.

Benjamin Winterhalter. Don’t Fall in Love on OkCupid, JStor Daily, February 10, 2016.

News media…
Craig Silverman. Here’s Why Facebook’s Trending Algorithm Keeps Promoting Fake News. BuzzFeed, October 26, 2016.

Anya Kamenetz. How One University Used Big Data To Boost Graduation Rates. NPREd, October 30, 2016.

Emma Brown and Todd C. Frankel. Facebook-backed school software shows promise — and raises privacy concerns. Washington Post, Oct 11, 2016.–and-raises-privacy-concerns/2016/10/11/2580f9fe-80c6-11e6-b002-307601806392_story.html

Cathy O’Neill. Facebook’s Child Workforce. October 21, 2016.