Week 1: September 15
Introduction to Class

Week 2: September 22
From the Information Society to the (Big?) Data Society

Government of Canada, Telecommission. (1971). Chapter 3, Soul in the System, in Instant World: A Report on Telecommunications in Canada. Ottawa, ON: Department of Communication, pp. 23-39.

Stefania Milan and Claudia Padovani. (2014). Communication Rights and Media Justice between Political and Discursive Opportunities: An Historical Perspective, in Communication Rights and Social Justice: Historical Accounts of Transnational Mobilizations, eds. Claudia Padovani and Andrew Calabrese. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 29-54. [UTL e-book]

danah boyd & Kate Crawford (2012). Critical Questions for Big Data: Provocations for a Cultural, Technological, and Scholarly phenomenon. Information, Communication & Society 15(5), 662-679. [UTL]

Rob Kitchin & Tracey P. Lauriault. (2014). Towards Critical Data Studies: Charting and Unpacking Data Assemblages and Their Work. In Eckert, J., Shears, A. and Thatcher, J. (Eds) Geoweb and Big Data. University of Nebraska Press. Pre-print: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2474112

Further Reading
Rikke Franke Jørgensen and Meryem Marzouki. (2015). Internet Governance and the Reshaping of Global Human Rights Legacy at WSIS+10. 10th GigaNet Annual Symposium, November, João Pesso, Brazil. http://giga-net.org/page/2015-annual-symposium; http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01297008

Current Controversy: ‘Winners’ and ‘Losers’ in Silicon Valley
Jill Lepore. (2014). The Disruption Machine: What the Gospel of Innovation Gets Wrong. The New Yorker, June 23. http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2014/06/23/the-disruption-machine

Evgeny Morozov. (2016). Tech Titans are Busy Privatizing Our Data, The Guardian, April 24.

Andrew Ross Sorkin. (2016). Peter Thiel, Tech Billionaire, Reveals Secret War With Gawker. The New York Times, May 25. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/26/business/dealbook/peter-thiel-tech-billionaire-reveals-secret-war-with-gawker.html?_r=2

Rebecca Solnit. (2016). Gentrification’s Toll: ‘It’s You or the Bottom Line, and Sorry, It’s Not You’. The Guardian, May 3. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/may/03/gentrification-climate-change-sierra-club-san-francisco

Week 3: September 29
Trends in Knowledge Production: Ownership & Control

Dwayne Winseck. (2016). Media Ownership and Concentration in Canada, in Eli Noam, ed., Who Owns the World’s Media: Media Concentration and Ownership Around the World, pp. 455-493. [UTL e-book]

Samantha Sharf. (2016). The World’s Largest Tech Companies 2016: Apple Bests Samsung, Microsoft And Alphabet. Forbes, May 26. http://www.forbes.com/sites/samanthasharf/2016/05/26/the-worlds-largest-tech-companies-2016-apple-bests-samsung-microsoft-and-alphabet/#2cd3ce2589ee

World Economic Forum. (2016). Digital Media and Society: Implications in a Hyperconnected Era, Executive Summary:
http://reports.weforum.org/human-implications-of-digital-media-2016/executive-summary/. (Full report is at http://reports.weforum.org/human-implications-of-digital-media-2016/.)

Zeynep Tufekci. (2016). As the Pirates Become CEOs: The Closing of the Open Internet. Daedelus: The Journal of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences: 145(1), 65-78. [UTL]

Further Reading
Rose Dwyer. (2014). Astra Taylor on The People’s Platform: Taking Back Power and Culture in the Digital Age. Harper’s Magazine, August 7. http://harpers.org/blog/2014/08/astra-taylor-on-the-peoples-platform/

Current Controversy: Facebook and ‘Free’ Basics in India
Mark Zuckerberg/Facebook, Inc. (2013). Is Connectivity a Human Right?

Rahul Bhatia, 2016, The Inside Story of Facebook’s Biggest Setback, The Guardian, May 12. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/may/12/facebook-free-basics-india-zuckerberg

Adrienne LaFrance (2016). Facebook and the New Colonialism, The Atlantic, February 11. http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/02/facebook-and-the-new-colonialism/462393/

Danny Yadron. (2016). Silicon Valley Tech Firms Exacerbating Income Inequality, World Bank Warns. The Guardian, January 15. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jan/14/silicon-valley-tech-firms-income-inequality-world-bank

Week 4: October 6                                              
Access and Digital Inclusion

Antonio Díaz Andrade and Bill Doolin. (2016). Information and Communication Technology and the Social Inclusion of Refugees. MIS Quarterly 40(2), June: 405-416. [UTL]

Paul T. Jaeger. (2015). Disability, Human Rights, and Social Justice: The Ongoing Struggle for Online Accessibility and Equality. First Monday 20(9). http://ojs-prod-lib.cc.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/6164

Further Reading
Amy Gonzalez. (2016). The Contemporary US Digital Divide: From Initial Access to Technology Maintenance. Information, Communication & Society 19(2): 234–248. [UTL]

Current Controversy: Because It’s 2016: Gender Matters
Amanda Hess. (2014, January 6). Why Women Aren’t Welcome on the Internet. Pacific Standard The Science of Society. http://www.psmag.com/navigation/health-and-behavior/women-arent-welcome-internet-72170/

Aimée Vega Montiel, ed. (2014). Media and Gender: A Scholarly Agenda for the Global Alliance on Media and Gender. NY: Unesco. Read: Gallagher, Ross, Collado, Padovani.

Westcoast LEAF. (2014). #CyberMisogyny: Using and Strengthening Canadian Legal Responses to Gendered Hate and Harassment Online. Vancouver, BC: West Coast Legal Education. http://www.westcoastleaf.org/our-work/cyber-misogyny/

Week 5: October 13
Digital Literacy and Participation

Henry Jenkins, Mizuko Ito, and danah boyd. (2016). Chapter One, Defining Participatory Culture, in Participatory Culture in a Networked Era. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 1-31.
Faculty of Information (Inforum) Course Reserves 302.231 J52P

Michael Hoechsmann and Stuart R. Poyntz. (2012). Chapter 7, Media Literacy 2.0: Contemporary Media Practices and Expanded Literacies, pp. 151-190 in Media Literacies: A Critical Introduction. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. [e-book]

Further Reading
Meryl Alper, Vikki S. Katz & Lynn Schofield Clark. (2016). Researching Children, Intersectionality, and Diversity in the Digital Age. Journal of Children and Media 10(1): 107-114. [UTL]

Zoe Druick. (2016). The Myth of Media Literacy. International Journal of Communication 10, 1125-1144. http://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/view/2797

Current Controversy: Geoweb and Digital Humanitarianism
Renée E. Sieber, Pamela J. Robinson, Peter A. Johnson & Jon M. Corbett. (2016). Doing Public Participation on the Geospatial Web. Annals of the American Association of Geographers, DOI: 10.1080/24694452.2016.1191325 (online version, July 1, 2016

Patrick Meier. (2015). Chapter 9, Digital Humanitarians in the Arab Spring, in Digital Humanitarians: How BIG DATA is Changing the Face of Humanitarian Response. Boca Raton, FLA: CRC Press, pp. 155-171.

Ryan Burns. (2014). Moments of Closure in the Knowledge Politics of Digital Humanitarianism. Geoforum 53: 51-62.

Week 6: October 20
Infrastructures, Transparency, Openness


Week 6: October 20
Infrastructures, Transparency, Openness

Susan Leigh Star. (1999, November/December). The Ethnography of Infrastructure. American Behavioral Scientist 43(3): 377-391. [e-article]

Christian Sandvig. (2013). The Internet as Infrastructure. In The Oxford Handbook of Internet Studies, ed. William Dutton. Oxford: Oxford University Press.URL: http://wwwpersonal.umich.edu/~csandvig/research/Sandvig_The_Internet_as_Infrastructure.pdf
and [e-book]

Further Reading
Gregory D. Downey. (2014). Making Media Work: Time, Space, Identity, and Labor in the Analysis of Information and Communication Infrastructures, pp. 141-165 in Media Technologies: Essays on Communication, Materiality and Society, ed. Tarleton Gillespie, Pablo J. Boczkowski, and Kirsten A. Foot. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [Available PDF in Blackboard, and Inforum: 302.231 M489M – check availability]

Current Controversy: Data Activism
A Citizen’s Guide to Open Data, Dawn Walker and Curtis McCord for Geothink. Link TBA

Open Data Institute, The Data Spectrum. https://theodi.org/data-spectrum

Andrew R. Schrock. (2016). Civic Hacking as Data Activism and Advocacy: A History from Publicity to Open Government Data. New Media & Society 18(4) 581–599. [UTL]

Week 7: October 27
Big Data: My Data, Myself?

Frank Pasquale. (2015). Chapter One, Digital Reputation in an Era of Runaway Data, in The Black Box Society: The Secret Algorithms That Control Money and Information. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 19-58.

Tarleton Gillespie. (2014). The Relevance of Algorithms, in Media Technologies: Essays on Communication, Materiality, and Society, eds. Tarleton Gillespie, Pablo J. Boczkowski, and Kirsten A. Foot. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, pp.167‐193. [UTL:IEEE-MIT Press eBooks]

Vincent Mosco. (2015). Can the Internet of Things be Democratized? Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives Monitor, November/December

Further Reading
Genevieve Bell. (2015). The Secret Life of Big Data, in Data, Now Bigger and Better!, ed. Tom Boellstorff and Bill Maurer. Chicago: Prickly Paradigm Press, pp. 9-26.

McKinsey Global Institute. Big Data: The Next Frontier for Innovation, Competition and Productivity, May 2011.

Current Controversy: Don’t You Forget About Me…Whose Right to Be Forgotten?
Julia Powles and Enrique Chaparro. (2015). How Google Determined Our Right to be Forgotten. The Guardian, February 18. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/feb/18/the-right-be-forgotten-google-search

Luciano Floridi. (2014). Right to Be Forgotten Poses More Questions Than Answers. The Guardian, November 11. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/nov/11/right-to-be-forgotten-more-questions-than-answers-google

Viktor Mayer-Schönberger. (2011) Chapter 5, Potential Responses, pp. 128-168 in Delete: The Virtue of Forgetting in the Digital Age. Princeton: Princeton University Press. [e-book]

Meg Leta Jones. (2016). Chapter 2, Forgetting Made Impossible, in Ctrl+Z: The Right to be Forgotten. New York: New York University Press, pp. 55-80.

Week 8: November 3
The Ethics of Algorithms

Taina Bucher. (2016). The Algorithmic Imaginary: Exploring the Ordinary Affects of Facebook Algorithms. Information, Communication & Society. [UTL, published online at journal website 25 Feb 2016]

Mike Ananny. (2016). Toward an Ethics of Algorithms: Convening, Observation, Probability and Timeliness. Science, Technology & Human Values 41(1): 93-117. [UTL]

Fenwick McKelvey. (2014). Algorithmic Media Need Democratic Methods: Why Publics Matter. Canadian Journal of Communication 39(4): 597+. [UTL] and

A comprehensive bib: https://socialmediacollective.org/reading-lists/critical-algorithm-studies/

Current Controversy: Data & Discrimination
Seeta Peña Gangadharan, ed. (2014). Data and Discrimination: Collected Essays. Washington, D.C.: Open Technology Institute, New America Foundation. (read excerpts at https://www.newamerica.org/oti/data-and-discrimination/

Federal Trade Commission (January 2016). Big Data: A Tool for Inclusion or Exclusion? Understanding the Issues. Washington, D.C.: FTC.

The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights. (2014).
Civil Rights Principles for the Era of Big Data. http://www.civilrights.org/press/2014/civil-rights-principles-big-data.html
— (September 2014). Civil Rights, Big Data, and Our Algorithmic Future. Report prepared and written by Aaron Rieke, David Robinson and Harlan Yu from Upturn, with the support of Alethea Lange, Erica Portnoy and Joshua Tauberer. https://bigdata.fairness.io/

Christian Sandvig and Karrie Karahalios. (2016) Most of What You Do Online is Illegal. Let’s End the Absurdity. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jun/30/cfaa-online-law-illegal-discrimination, and, Sandvig vs. Lynch, Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief, June 29, 2016, https://www.aclu.org/legal-document/sandvig-v-lynch-complaint

Can computers be racist? Big data, inequality, and discrimination, Michael Brennan, November 18, 2015. Latanya Sweeney:
http://www.fordfoundation.org/ideas/equals-change-blog/posts/can-computers-be-racist-big-data-inequality-and-discrimination/ and https://vimeo.com/145335290


Week 9: November 17
Privacy & Surveillance

Susan Landau. (2016). Choices: Privacy & Surveillance in a Once & Future Internet. Daedelus: The Journal of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences 145(1), 54-64. [UTL]

David Lyon. (2015). Chapter One, Snowden Storm, in Surveillance After Snowden. Cambridge: Polity, pp. 15-42.

Colin J. Bennett. (2010). Chapter One (Framing the Problem) and Chapter Two (The Groups), in The Privacy Advocates: Resisting the Spread of Surveillance. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 1-62. [UTL e-book]

Further Reading
Colin J. Bennett, Kevin D. Haggerty, David Lyon, and Valerie Steeves, ed. (2014). Globalizing Surveillance: From the Domestic to the Worldwide, in Transparent Lives: Surveillance in Canada. Edmonton: Athabasca University Press, pp. 105-128. http://www.aupress.ca/index.php/books/120237

Seeta Peña Gangadharan, (2015). The Downside of Digital Inclusion: Expectations and Experiences of Privacy and Surveillance among Marginal Internet Users. New Media & Society 17(10), 1-19. DOI: 10.1177/1461444815614053

Current Controversy: Cyber-Surveillance Legislation
Jonathan Obar and Leslie Regan Shade. (2016). Activating the Fifth Estate: Bill C-30 and the Digitally-Mediated Public Watchdog. In Strategies for Media Reform: International Perspectives. Eds. Jonathan Obar, Des Freedman, Robert McChesney, and Cheryl Martens. NY: Fordham University Press, 39-57.

Michael Geist. (2015). Chapter VIII, Why Watching the Watchers Isn’t Enough: Canadian Surveillance Law in the Post-Snowden Era, in Law, Privacy and Surveillance in Canada in the Post-Snowden Era, ed. Michael Geist. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, pp. 225-256. http://www.ruor.uottawa.ca/handle/10393/3242

The Snowden Digital Surveillance Archive: https://snowdenarchive.cjfe.org/greenstone/cgi-bin/library.cgi

Week 10: November 24
ICTs and the Environment

Richard Maxwell and Toby Miller. (2012). Chapter 4, Workers, in Greening the Media. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 86-108.

Jennifer Gabrys. (2011). Chapter One, Silicon Elephants: The Transformative Materiality of Microchips, in Digital Rubbish: A Natural History of Electronics. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 20-42. [UTL: DOAB: Directory of Open Access Books]

Nick Dyer-Witheford. (2015). Chapter 4, Silicon, in Cyber-Proletariat: Global Labour in the Digital Vortex. Toronto: Between the Lines Press and London: Pluto Press, pp. 60-80.

Current Controversy: The Dirt on Data Centres
Mél Hogan. (2015). Data Flows and Water Woes: The Utah Data Center. Big Data & Society (July-August): 1-12. [UTL] See also interview: http://bigdatasoc.blogspot.ca/2015/08/data-flows-and-water-woes-interview.html

Ingrid Burrington. (2015, December 16). The Environmental Toll of a Netflix Binge. The Atlantic. http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/12/there-are-no-clean-clouds/420744/

Greenpeace International. (2011). How Dirty is Your Data? A Look at the Energy Choices That Power Cloud Computing. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/Global/international/publications/climate/2011/Cool IT/dirty-data-report-greenpeace.pdf

Week 11: December 1
The Labouring of Knowledge Workers

Sarah Roberts. (2016). Commercial Content Moderators: Digital Laborers’ Dirty Work, in The Intersectional Internet: Race, Sex, Class, and Culture Online, ed. Safiya Umoja Noble and Brendesha M Tynes. New York: Peter Lang Publishing Inc., pp. 147-159.

Anna Wiener. (2016). Uncanny Valley: I Would Say More, But I Signed an NDA. n+1, Issue 25, Slow Burn. https://nplusonemag.com/issue-25/on-the-fringe/uncanny-valley

Further Reading
Nicole Cohen. (2015). From Pink Slips to Pink Slime: Transforming Media Labor in a Digital Age. The Communication Review 18(2), 98-122. [UTL]

Current Controversy: The Gig Economy
Ursula Huws (2016), ‘Logged in’, Jacobin, January 6. https://www.jacobinmag.com/2016/01/huws-sharing-economy-crowdsource-precarity-uber-workers/.

Juliet B. Schor. (2015). The Sharing Economy: Reports from Stage One*. https://bc.edu/content/dam/files/schools/cas_sites/sociology/pdf/TheSharingEconomy.pdf

Mike McPhate. (2015, December 11). Discrimination by Airbnb Hosts is Widespread, Report Says. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/12/business/discrimination-by-airbnb-hosts-is-widespread-report-says.html

(see also Benjamin Edelman, Michael Luca, and Dan Svirsky, Racial Discrimination in the Sharing Economy: Evidence from a Field Experiment, 2016, https://www.benedelman.com/publications-airbnb-guest-discrimination-2016-09-04.pdf and Airbnb report from Laura D. Murphy, http://blog.airbnb.com/fighting-discrimination-and-creating-a-world-where-anyone-can-belong-anywhere/

Week 12: December 8 (Last Class – Wrap Up)